With five Canadian universities making it into the top 100 of the Times Higher Education’s World University Rankings 2022, the country has become one of the top destinations for students seeking higher education. You’ll find several institutions offering quality guidance in STEM subjects, Humanities, Engineering, and Medical studies. You can also get financial statement analysis assignment help by top assignment experts.
According to the National Statistics Office of Canada, the academic year 2018-2019 recorded 1,053,228 students in postsecondary education institutions, including both international and domestic students. The numbers are no surprise since Canada is a more affordable alternative to the USA and the UK for higher education.
A Comprehensive Structure of the Canadian Education System
Even though the education structure varies from one province to the other, all students undergo four levels of education:
Level 1: Pre-elementary
The first stage of education, also known as ‘kindergarten’, is offered to students aged four to five. Currently, only three provinces in Canada have made kindergarten education mandatory – British Columbia, Prince Edward Island, and New Brunswick.
Children can obtain pre-elementary education from public, private or federal schools, depending on their preference. While the first year of kindergarten is free in many areas, several provinces offer additional years of free pre-elementary education. For example, starting from 2020, children in Ontario from two-and-a-half to kindergarten can attend year-round, full-day licensed childcare for free.
The teaching curriculum is focused on equipping students with basic skills such as counting, music, art, recognizing alphabets, etc. In addition, these programs prepare students for the next stage in their lives – primary education.
Level 2: Primary
Primary education consists of elementary school, which is mandatory in Canada. It starts from grade 1, when students are around the age of 6 or 7, and continues till grade 6 when students are around 11 to 12 years old. The elementary level of education explores the fundamentals of subjects like Math, English, History, Geography, Science, Social Studies, etc.
Level 3: Secondary
Secondary education is divided into junior high school and high school. Usually, students start to feel the pressures of earning a high school diploma in this stage. Junior high is a two-year stage consisting of grades 7 and 8. Meanwhile, high school begins when students reach grade 8 and continue until grade 12.
Level 4: Post-secondary
There are many postsecondary education opportunities in colleges and universities. However, in this stage, many accountancy students bulk under the pressures of academics and rely on history case study services. Meanwhile, students majoring in STEM have an uphill climb in front of them.
In Canada, the postsecondary education stages are as follows:
- A Bachelor’s degree
- A Master’s degree
- A PhD
The highest level of education you can reach in the country is a doctorate. International students who have completed their PhD can apply for the Post Graduation Work Permit Program (PGWPP), which allows them to gather work experience and eventually apply for a permanent residency if they desire.
Top 5 PhD Universities in Canada
Canada has an excellent reputation for being one of the top countries offering quality PhD programs. However, if you’re struggling to determine which institutions can provide you with the best academic guidance, this list is your best guide.
1. University of Toronto
The School of Graduate Studies states that all students can get direct admission to PhD programs at the University of Toronto as long as they have the appropriate University of Toronto Bachelor’s degree or its equivalent from a recognized university. The institution also offers a flexible PhD program for practicing professionals in the relevant field of study, which require a more flexible timeline to complete the program’s requirements.
The top PhD programs in the university are:
- Dental Surgery
- Juridical Science
- Musical Arts
The University of British Columbia
The University of British Columbia, established in 1915, is one of the most coveted universities for students pursuing their doctoral degrees. The two campuses, one in Vancouver and the other in Okanagan, are homes to more than 65,000 students from Canada and 140+ countries. The institution also offers part-time doctoral programs in:
- Audiology and speech sciences
- Geological engineering
- Hispanic studies
- Human development, learning and culture
The research conducted at McGill University is often interdisciplinary and cuts across various programs and academic units. Hence, you must refer to the program list to select the most appropriate area of study for your objective. Even though the university is well known for its research-intensive programs, you’ll find several professional programs that are not research-focused.
Some of the top departments in the institution are:
- Agricultural and environmental studies
- Dental Medicine
The basic requirements to gain admission in the McMaster University or PhD programs are:
- Successful completing of a Master’s degree with at least a B+ average (or its equivalent)
- A GMAT score of at least 600
- TOEFL/IELTS scores if your native language is not English
(However, you do not need to provide this score if you have completed your degree from an institution where English was the medium of instruction.)
The top PhD programs in the university are:
- Biochemistry and biomedical sciences
- Biomedical engineering
- Business administration
- Civil engineering
- Electrical and computer engineering
The University of Montreal
The duration of the doctoral program at the University of Montreal is 3 to 5 years. In this time, you have to complete 90 credits related to research, a general examination, and write a thesis and its defense in front of a jury. In addition, the research profile enables students to conduct original scientific research projects.
Founded in 1878, the University of Montreal is the largest institution in Quebec and awards more than 11,000 diplomas every year. The top disciplines for PhD programs attracting students from across the world are:
- Architecture, building & planning
- Biological sciences
- Business & management
- Communication & media studies
- Computer science
Summing it up,
Similar to how resume writing services assist you with writing a resume, this blog aims to help you find the top universities in Canada for pursuing a doctoral degree. Achieving the highest level of education in the country opens the door to several opportunities. However, it can be challenging to complete your degree without guidance from reliable faculty and access to top-notch resources. So, feel free to peruse this list to find the perfect university to obtain a PhD.
Michael Haydon is a mathematical genius, assisting students dependent on a slope calculator to complete their assignments. He has been offering academic guidance on Myassignmenthelp.com for the past decade. In addition, Grey has a passion for basketball and coaches the local team in Montreal.